When recession of the gingiva occurs, the body loses a natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma. When gum recession is a problem, gum reconstruction using grafting technique is an option.
When there is only minor recession present, that can mean there is enough healthy/attached gingiva remaining. With adequate attached gingiva present, the gum will continue to protect the tooth so that no treatment, other than modifying home care practices, is necessary. However, when recession reaches the mucosa, the first line of defense against bacterial penetration is lost.
In addition, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to the temperature of food/drink, sweets, as well as an unsightly appearance of the gum and tooth. When significant, gum recession can predispose to worsening recession and expose the root surface, which is softer than enamel, leading to root caries and root gouging.
before and after gum grafting
Trust Us for Your Periodontal Needs!
Dr. Cavallari provides a variety of surgical services for the treatment of periodontal issues. Contact us for more information.
A gingival graft is designed to solve these problems. A thin piece of tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth or gently moved over from adjacent areas to provide a stable band of attached gingiva around the tooth. The gingival graft may be placed in such a way as to cover the exposed portion of the root.
The gingival graft procedure is highly predictable and results in a stable, healthy band of attached tissue around the tooth.